A Healthy Year with Healthy Air.
We are excited about the new year and thankful to have you all with us, we welcome you into this amazing year.
Oh well! It’s that time again when we pen down our goals and plans for the year. The New year’s resolutions and the things we want to achieve at the end of the year. It’s actually a fun experience and a very good time to come up with a fresh start to keep track of our health.
So, as you plan to eat right, get in shape, hit the gym, and lose those habits also add in how to control the quality of the air you breathe. As your indoor air quality is very important.
Air pollution- The Effects.
The effect of air pollution on human health has been a great concern, as ninety percent of the world’s human population breathes polluted air mostly predominant in developing countries like Nigeria. Air pollution puts everyone at risk.
According to IQAir today (January 10, 2023) – when it comes to air quality index and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations, Nigeria ranks eighteenth among countries with the worst air quality with Port Harcourt being the most polluted city. Studies have shown that exposure to air pollution increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, arrhythmia, and sudden death.
Following a recent World Health Organization (WHO) report, over twenty percent (20%) of deaths from cardiovascular disease are caused by air pollution—this translates to about three million deaths every year and this will increase unless we take action.
Air Pollution- Who are those at risk?
Everyone is at risk but the most vulnerable are:
- The elderly ones.
- Those with underlying cardiovascular conditions [ e.g. ischemic heart disease, heart failure].
- Those with diabetes.
- Those with high cholesterol levels.
Air pollution and cardiovascular disease.
Air Pollution increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases majorly as a result of the high concentration of particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) in the air we breathe. PM2.5 are tiny particles in the air that reduce visibility and cause the air to appear hazy when levels are elevated. It consists of particles smaller than approximately 2.5 microns which are so small that billions of them can fit into a red blood cell. They are capable of crossing the alveolar barrier thereby either destroying the endothelial cells directly or acting through endocrine disruption leading to Acute Coronary Syndrome, Coronary Artery Disease, and other risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, and diabetes.
Research from the American Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has found that Long-term exposure to increase levels of PM2.5 can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and a decrease in life expectancy. People with chronic heart disease may tend to experience one or more of the following symptoms following exposure to fine particulate matter:
- Heart palpitations
- Unusual fatigue
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain in the chest, neck, or shoulder
- Increase in blood pressure
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. They include:
- Coronary Heart Disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;
- Cerebrovascular Disease – a disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;
- Peripheral Arterial Disease – a disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;
- Rheumatic Heart Disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;
- Congenital Heart Disease – birth defects that affect the normal development and functioning of the heart caused by malformations of the heart structure from birth; and deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
Heart attacks and strokes are usually acute events and are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. Most of these conditions are aggravated by increased levels of PM2.5 in the atmosphere.
At least three-quarters of the world’s deaths from CVDs occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Particulate Matter [PM2.5].
Particulate matter which is equally referred to as atmospheric aerosol particles are microscopic particles that can be either solid or liquid matter and are suspended in the air. It is a complex mixture of both organic and inorganic particles such as dust, pollen, soot, smoke, and liquid droplets. They are also aerosols, because of the air mixtures.
These particles exist in types and they include suspended particulate matter (SPM) which are thoracic and respirable particles, and inhalable coarse particles which are classified as PM10. PM10 are coarse particles with a diameter of 10 micrometers or less. There is also another category called fine particles which are classified PM2.5 with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less and finally ultrafine particles with a diameter of 100nm(nanometer) or less and soot which is measured PM0.1
Particulate matter is the most harmful form of air pollution and this is due to its ability to penetrate deep into the lungs, bloodstream, and brain. Its effects result in health problems such as heart attacks, respiratory disease, and premature death.
ADDRESSING AIR POLLUTION.
Air pollution is a growing global challenge, which presents us with the need to raise awareness concerning the link between air pollution and heart health. The healthy Air patented D-Orbital Nano Oxide (DNO) technology cleans and disinfects air instantly, without any secondary pollutants created. DNO Technology ensures that we only breathe the pure, safe air that we need. HEPA 13 filters plus our DNO pollution-erasing technology utilizes catalysts to capture kill and convert airborne pathogens and pollutants into harmless substances with a 99.9% effective rate. Our medical-grade air purification system utilizes 5 layers of filters including DNO technology which can only be described as a human race saver.
So, make the new year count. Take action now and prioritize your health as we work together to further encourage your understanding of the danger air pollution brings.
At Healthy Air Nigeria, your health is our Concern.